Often pointed at and considered " bad " for health, lipids remain essential nutrients for the proper functioning of our body.
- provide l’energy, participate in the synthesis of certain hormones,
- are essential for the absorption of vitamin fat soluble (to be consumed with food or after meals) A, D, E and K,
- contribute to the regulation of body temperature…
At its core, lipids (fats) consist of fatty acids.
There are different types of fat :
- saturated fatty acids,
- monounsaturated fatty acids (Omega-9),
- polyunsaturated fatty acids (Omega-3 and 6)
- and finally trans fatty acids (denatured fats).
Saturated fatty acids
Saturated fats come from animal sources while unsaturated fatty acids come from plant sources. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids are distinguished at the chemical level by the number of bonds of their carbon chain. At the Food level, AGMs (monounsaturated fatty acids) are liquid at room temperature and withstand heat well (olive oil can be used for cooking, for example) while polyunsaturated fatty acids are more fragile to oxidation (contact with air). Some polyunsaturated oils can not be heated (flaxseed oil) while others can withstand moderate heat (sunflower oil, soybean oil).
Monounsaturated fatty acids (omega-9)
Monounsaturated fatty acids are considered good fats because they have a beneficial action on cardiovascular function, help decrease the " bad » cholesterol (LDL) and increase "good" cholesterol (HDL).
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 and 6)
Why a supplement of essential fatty acids (AGE) ?
The AGE (essential fatty acids) are essential because our body cannot make them. They are part of the family of polyunsaturated fatty acids. This is linoleic acid (Omega-6) and linolenic acid (Omega 3). They are very important because they are involved in almost all our systems: cardiovascularhormonal, immune, nervous... and contribute to cognitive, brain and joint health. At the base of life there is a cell and our billions of cells are all similar in their composition. Each of our cells is protected by its cell membrane or "envelope." So to mention that the AGE are involved in maintaining the integrity of the cell membrane is to stress their great importance.